What is ARAP
The Accountability, Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Programme (ARAP) began in 2016, through an agreement between the European Union Delegation (EUD) and the Government of Ghana (GoG). The EUD selected three implementing institutions: STAR-Ghana (a multi-donor funded organisation), NCCE (a Government of Ghana institution) and FIIAPP (a Spanish public foundation). A Delegation Agreement was signed in May 2016 between the European Union and FIIAPP, which is the coordinating unit managing the bulk of the programme.
The programme is designed to promote good governance and support national reform, in order to enhance accountability and strengthen anti-corruption efforts across the country.
The objective of the programme is to work alongside relevant government institutions and other strategic national stakeholders to reduce corruption, while improving accountability and respect for the legal structures already in place to fight it. It acts as a support programme for central government, but crucially has a wide coverage across the nation, also ensuring that both men and women’s voices are heard. A core team based in Ghana’s capital city Accra, with the support of Madrid headquarters, leads the work plan to meet ARAP’s objectives.
ARAP aims to support the implementation of the National Anti-Corruption Action Plan (NACAP), Ghana’s national anti-corruption strategy ratified by Parliament in 2014. In light of this, ARAP has adopted a multi-level, multi-stakeholder approach addressing both the 'supply' and 'demand' side of the accountability and anti-corruption chain.
Partner stakeholders are supported to build critical capacities within their organisations and to strengthen coordination to fight corruption together (the 'supply' element). The programme also works simultaneously with key civic education providers, civil society and the media to strengthen the ability of the general public to hold the government to account (the 'demand' element).
ARAP’s work with the criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies includes providing training, resources, capacity building, and strategic advice. The goal is to carry out more effective and efficient prosecution of corruption cases, while supporting the police and judiciary to combat corruption among their ranks. Similarly, the programme supports civic education providers with technical assistance, resources and coordination to deliver effective public education activities, empowering citizens to make their voice heard.
Environmental governance is a cross-cutting issue in the programme, tackled from both the 'demand' side (public education for awareness and the use of reporting and complaints mechanisms) and 'supply' side (strengthening the criminal justice system to enforce environmental laws) of accountability and anti-corruption.
Ghana has demonstrated strong signs showing its will to fight corruption across the country. A strong anti-corruption legal framework is already in place, as well as established police and judicial initiatives and regulations. Recognising the need to support a more holistic and interconnected approach to fighting corruption, ARAP supports key coordination and information sharing efforts. Strengthening Ghana’s National Anti-Corruption Action Plan is vital to reach the programme’s objectives and enforce the ethical standards and integrity necessary for fighting corruption.