The 2018 Corruption Perception Index (CPI) was released worldwide on 29 January 2019, scoring and ranking 180 countries and territories by their perceived levels of corruption. This index draws on 13 data sources, capturing the assessment of experts and business executives on a number of corrupt behaviours in the public service such as bribery, diversion of public funds, nepotism, use of public office for private gain and State Capture.
The index foresees a range between zero (highly corrupt) and 100 (very clean), and based on these points, it ranks countries from the best performing to the worst performing. Since CPI is a perception index, no country will ever achieve a perfect score. Nevertheless, the top-ranked countries this year were Denmark and New Zealand with 88 and 87 points respectively.
Ghana improved by one point compared to the 2017 score, moving from 40 to 41 out of 100 in 2018, and finding itself just below the global average of 43 points.
Within the global ranking, Ghana positions itself at number 78 out of the 180 countries, performing better than 37 Sub-Saharan African countries such as Benin (40), Swaziland (38), Gambia (37), Tanzania (36). However Ghana also performed below Botswana (61), Rwanda (56), Namibia (53), Senegal (45) and South Africa (43) among others.
According to the Ghana Integrity Initiative, the enhanced performance of the Audit Service and Auditor General, the establishment of the Office of the Special Prosecutor for Corruption, and the reforms in the Judicial Service are among key institutional processes that could have impacted Ghana’s 2018 CPI Score.
While ARAP celebrates the improvement of Ghana’s 2018 score, and the inversion of a negative trend since 2015, this is not a time for complacency. Ghana must continue and deepen its actions against corruption. The Programme will continue supporting all its stakeholders to strengthen the rule of law throughout the country, enhance accountability and fight corruption.
As the Accountability, Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption Programme approaches its third year of implementation, it will carry on supporting all of its stakeholders. It will continue to drive the innovation and digitalisation of services of the Judicial Service Public Relations and Complaints Units, such as the Judicial Service App, the NACAP Online Reporting Dashboard (NACoRD), and the establishment of a Legal Web Based Library for all actors of the Ghanaian criminal justice sector.
As Ghana continues to make positive strides against corruption, ARAP will be by its side. We will continue to support efforts to strengthen key institutions of the criminal justice sector, while also working across public bodies to raise awareness amongst citizens of their role in the fight against corruption.